The Arab Spring - chances and threats
The analysis of the current situation in North Africa and the Middle East points to the differences between the events taking place in the three regions: North Africa, the Middle East and the Arabian Peninsula. The Arab Spring is not merely a clash of people fighting for democracy and freedom with authoritarian or totalitarian dictatorships. At the bottom of it lie also ethnic, tribal and religious differences. The latter problem pertains in particular to the Sunni – Shiite relations on the Arabian Peninsula. Building up hopes for the spread of freedom in the world, the recent events in the Arab world also pose possible threats in the form of Islamization, religious terror, Arab – Israeli war, Sunni – Shiite war, a war in the Sahel, increased risk of terrorist attacks, as well as economic and immigration crises. The Arab Spring might also be a source of new challenges for the European security. Poland, who takes up the Presidency of the EU Council on 1 July 2011, should be ready to address those issues.